Fred Johnson #Q19607
By Marg Powel & Des Crump | 5 April 2018
Extract from AIF service record for Fred Johnson. National Archives of Australia, Series B2445, Barcode 1825796
Indigenous Australian, Fred JOHNSON, Light Horse Depot Regiment
Fred Johnson was born near Banana, Qld in 1883 his mother was Sarah Tyson. When he put up his hand to serve with the first AIF in May 1917 he was employed as a labourer and living at the Barambah Aboriginal Mission, now known as Cherbourg.
Fred was among 17 Aboriginal men who were recruited during a drive by the Queensland Recruiting Committee. The committee represented by Chaplain Canon Garland and the Chief Protector of Aborigines, J W Bleakley, travelled by train to the Mission to specifically recruit men for Active Service.
10 days later in Brisbane, during a patriot speech given by recruiting officer Lieutenant Colonel David Garland, a line of Light Horsemen rode past each leading a riderless horse.
The 17 recently recruited men from Barambah took up these mounts in a demonstration of their patriotism and paraded along Queen Street to ‘considerable cheering.’
However their inclusion in the first AIF was short-lived. All 17 recruits were discharged just 30 days later on Wednesday, 13 June 1917, for “having been irregularly enlisted”.
The men were returned home to the mission, under escort, with out any receipt of payment or any discharge documents.
The AIF was brutal in its response when queried for their action – ‘a coloured man must have been associated with white people for some time prior to enlistment’ – and those who were considered too dark ‘would not make soldiers’.
All recruits: Bertie Beckett #Q19608 | Harry Baker #Q19600 | Daniel Cabbo #Q19612 | William Christie Q19606 | Ossie Dick #Q19609 | Myrtle Douglas #Q19614 | James Fisher #Q19615 | Christie Hill #Q19610 | Robert Hubbard #Q19603 | Fred Johnson #Q19607 | Bismark Mitchell #Q19601 | Henry Monsell #Q19604 | Charlie Morgan #Q19605 | Sunny Moss #Q19611 | William Pagel #Q19602 | Arthur Riley #Q19613 | [Unidentified] #Q19616?
- Service record: Johnson, Fred
- ‘Empty saddles filled’ Brisbane Courier, 25 May 1917, p.7
- ‘Aboriginal recruits’ Brisbane Courier, 20 June 1917, p.7
- ‘Enlistment of half-castes’ Daily Mercury, 14 May 1917
- One of the soldiers featured in SLQ’s HistoryPin Collection
- Queensland’s Indigenous Servicemen [oral history]
The information in this blog post has been researched by State Library staff and volunteers, it is based on available information at this time. If you have more information that you would like to share or further research uncovers new findings, this post will be updated.
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