JOSEPH SINN #3214
Indigenous Australian, Joseph SINN, 25th Infantry Battalion
Joe SINN, the son of John and Minnie Sinn (nee McGuinn), from Gayndah, enlisted to serve for his country in August 1915 while troops were still engaged in operations on the Gallipoli Peninsula.
Joe left Brisbane aboard HMAT Ionus in December 1915 bound for Egypt. Troops at this time were being readied for service at training camps along the Suez Canal, and his battalion embarked for France just weeks after he arrived, landing at the port of Marseilles on 27 March 1916.
From Marseilles, they were transported by train to northern France where they would begin their active service in the front lines. The battalion took part in its first major battle at Pozieres in July 1916 and it was here on the 29th July, during a mid-night attack that Joe was reported missing.
The Australian Red Cross Wounded and Missing Enquiry Bureau were asked to make enquiries as to his fate, and Private William Korn, also from Gayndah informed them that Joe Sinn, while attempting to return to the lines that night had been hit by a shell and buried.
Red Cross Wounded and Missing Files
Miss Rose Ann Cordwell, the head teacher at Airy Park School, Bundaberg, wrote to the authorities enquiring about Joseph Sinn in 1916.
Three of her own brothers John, Joseph & William Cordwell had enlisted, two at the same time as Joe Sinn, sadly all of them died.
Letter-card sent by Rose Ann Cordwell to Military Base Records, Melbourne, 10 November 1916
Joe Cordwell had initially been assigned to the same battalion as Joe Sinn but was transferred to the 47th in March 1916, and died of wounds, just a few weeks after his mate - John Cordwell died of wounds a year later, in July 1917 and his twin brother William Cordwell died after illness in 1915, before he was able to embark.
Joseph and John Sinn, 47th & 52nd Infantry Battalions, Queenslander Pictorial
A military court of enquiry later determined that Joe Sinn had been killed in action during that operation, and notified his next of kin of their findings. With no known place of burial, Joe’s service is commemorated at Australian National Memorial within Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, erected to remember all Australian soldiers who fought in the region whose graves are not known.
Further reading ...
- Service Record: SINN, Joseph Bruce
- Embarkation Roll: 7th Reinf. 25th Battalion
- Red Cross Wounded and Missing Files
- Roll of Honour
- Commonwealth War Graves Commission
- Service Record: CORDWELL, Joseph
- Service Record: CORDWELL, John
- Service Record: CORDWELL, William
- Gayndah soldier killed. The Bundaberg Mail and Burnett Advertiser, 3 October 1916, p.3
Soldier portraits ...
Marg Powell & Des Crump | QANZAC100, State Library of Queensland