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state library of queensland
John Oxley Library

Diary of a Submariner

By Marg Powell, Specialist Library Technician, Metadata Services | 22 May 2016

Able Seaman John Harrison Wheat relished his life onboard one of Australia’s first submarines, the E-class AE2.

He signed up with the Royal Navy (Australia) as a 16 year old lad, and was with the AE2 from her launch in June 1913.

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HMA Submarine AE2, Sydney 1914

Crew, HMA Submarine, Portsmouth 1914

Now prisoners of war, they were transported to Turkey where the crew joined other Australian and allied prisoners who imprisoned for three and a half years, in a variety of military and internment camps. One in four allied prisoners of the Turks in the First World War, were to die.

Initially held at a military barracks in Constantinople, they were taken by train to Afion-kara-hissar where they joined, amongst others, crew members of the English submarine E15 and where they were put to work road making.

In July new prisoners arrived including fellow Australian’s captured at Gallipoli, and in late September were again moved, this time to Angora.

The group was desperately short of food and clothing, and many suffered from wounds received whilst serving on Gallipoli. In October they were forced to march further north to a prison in Kiangheri, where they spent a terribly cold winter of 1915.

Belemedik Camp, Turkey

Tunnel through Taurus Mountains, Turkey

Prisoners of War, Belemedik, c1918

Wheat’s story has survived because he chose to participate in the collecting project established by the Mitchell Library in NSW in 1918. His retrospectively written narrative is also held at the Australian War Memorial, and an extracted version by the State Library of Queensland.

The submarine AE2 has lain for more than 100 years in the depths of the Sea of Marmora. Wheat’s narrative provides us with a clear description of her last days. Rediscovered in 1998, in 2014 an extensive operation was undertaken to view the intact vessel via remote camera.

The extracted version of Wheat’s narrative held by the State Library of Queensland had been transcribed and will be shortly available via the Library's catalogue.

Further reading:

Marg Powell


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