Bittersweet Journey

Photographs from the John Oxley Library reveal the multiple layers of Australian South Sea Islanders’ experience during the 19th and early 20th centuries in Queensland.  Captured through the lens of time, we see the cultural diversity and contribution to heritage made by Islanders who were brought to Queensland as indentured labourers from 1863 through 1904.  

Many of the indentured labourers were young boys in their early teens who were coerced to Queensland by dubious and unethical means, with use of trickery and kidnapping often reported. We see transformation of cultural identity reflected in physical changes of dress and in the societal changes of work and play.  Many of the images depict very difficult and dangerous work conditions as well as the everyday of the boys, men, women and children.  From work to marriage to family life, much is revealed, allowing us access to this fraught part of Queensland’s history some 150 years later and to fully realise the significant contribution made to our collective heritage.

South Sea Islander woman at Farnborough, ca 1895. Negative number 3680, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.

Australian South Sea Islanders photographed at Bingera Sugar Plantation, Image number APE-021-01-0006, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.

Male South Sea Islanders smoking pipes in Queensland, ca 1885, Negative number 16951, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.

Darby family outside their home in Pialba, Queensland, ca 1914, Negative number 48664, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.

Two young South Sea Islander children near Innisfail, Queensland, ca 1903, Negative number 128204, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.

 

Australian South Sea Islanders at the Dillybar settlement near Nambour, Queensland, 1906, Negative number 23817, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland. 

"Our boys" Lillock and Peter, South Sea Islanders working at The Hollow, Image number raw00061, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.

South Sea Islanders arriving by ship in Bundaberg, Queensland, Negative number 18058, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.

Australian South Sea Islanders participating in an obstacle race in Innisfail, 1902, Negative number 33975, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.

Australian South Sea Islanders standing in a sugar cane field in Queensland, Negative number 18065, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.

Group portrait of Australian South Sea Islanders at Joskeleigh, Queensland, ca 1915, Image number 28873-0001-0148, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.

Two Australian South Sea Islander women on a plantation in Queensland, Negative number 109847, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.

South Sea Islanders who probably worked on a sugar plantation at The Hollow, Image number raw00108, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.

Australian South Sea Islander wedding in Bundaberg, Queensland, 1909, Negative number 43824, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.

Certificate of exemption of Tolomack, 1884 Negative number 94298, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland.