Trooper Jack Geddes
By Marg Powell, Specialist Library Technician, Metadata Services | 22 January 2017
Three troopers, probably from the 2nd Light Horse Regiment, Egypt, celebrating Christmas Day, 1916. Item 3, 30625 John Geddes collection, State Library of Queensland
In September 1915 Jack Geddes, aged just 19 followed the example of his father George, and enlisted in the AIF to serve overseas in the First World War. John (Jack) Geddes had arrived in Brisbane from Scotland, with his parents and 5 siblings in 1911, the family settled in Toowoomba where his father worked as a bakery manager.
Jack Geddes was assigned to the 2nd Light Horse Regiment and arrived Egypt with the 12th Reinforcements in February 1916. Two weeks later he was transferred to the Signal Troop of that regiment.
Light Horse troopers rugged up against the desert cold, Palestine 1917. Item 20, 30625 John Geddes collection, State Library of Queensland.
From early 1916 to mid 1917, Jack and his comrades of the 2nd Light Horse Regiment, were deployed in major operations - to protect the Nile Valley and the Suez Canal; repelling Turkish troops at the Battle of Romani; crossing the Sinai to secure outposts in Maghdaba and Rafa, and engaging in operations at Gaza.
In July 1917 Jack was transferred from the Light Horse to the 1st Australian Machine Gun Squadron , which accompanied the mounted regiment. It was not long after this that Jack was hospitalised for a short time, and no doubt in need of a break, was caught absent without leave, using another soldiers' pass.
Light Horse Machine Gunners training with gas masks. Item 8, 30625 John Geddes collection, State Library of Queensland.
He was court martialled for "conduct prejudice of good order and military discipline" and sentenced to 25 days Field Punishment No.2 and forfeited 28 days pay. Jack was confined to a Field Punishment compound for the term of his sentence, and several days after his release, sent to a School of Instruction at Zeitoun.
Three Australian soldiers, outside a captured Turkish dugout after aerial bombing, Trooper Jeffrey Stone, centre. Item 5, 30625 John Geddes collection, State Library of Queensland.
Malaria was a constant threat to those serving in the Jordan Valley and Jack was not immune. He tested positive in July 1918 and after two attacks was sent to a convalescent camp to recuperate, returning to his Squadron, who were encamped at Wadi Hamman in October 1918.
The Unit diary for that month records "Malaria ... caused an extra ordinary number of evacuations ... two cases proving fatal."
During the last months of 1918 the MG Squadron continued on patrol, setting up camps where required, maintaining the health of the horses and men. Good fodder and exercise was sought for the animals and the men were kept fit and occupied with camp sports and maintaining equipment at the ready.
Tractor engine, used for hauling equipment, probably Palestine. Item 10, 30625 John Geddes collection, State Library of Queensland
By April 1919 the Squadron was ready to return to Australia and Trooper Jack Geddes departed Egypt, 15 May for home on the troopship Orari.
Warrant Officer, George Geddes, 17th Army Service Corps, (Jack's father) was 41 years when he enlisted. He left Australia for Egypt in May 1915 but by April 1916 was serving in France. George was promoted to Warrant Officer & Mentioned in Despatches in December 1917 for "consistent devotion to duty ... The ability and tact shown by this Warrant Officer is very praiseworthy".
He returned home on transport duty in March 1918 medically unfit, described as 'neurasthenia' he was exhausted. He opened 'a soldiers cafe' The Majestic, in Dalby.
Advertisement for a Soldiers Cafe, Dalby. The Dalby Herald, 26 July 1919 page 4.
Jack and his father George worked together as grocers in Park Road, Milton in 1925 and in 1928 the Geddes family became the proprietors of Moreton Bakeries, Wynnum.
The First World War photographs featured, were donated to the State Library of Queensland and have been digitised as part of the QANZAC100 project.
- 30625 John Geddes collection
- Service Record: GEDDES, Jack. National Archives of Australia.
- Rules for field punishment. Extract from Manual of military law, London 1914
- AWM Unit Diary 1st Australian Machine Gun Squadron
- NAA: GEDDES, George
- AWM Honours and Awards, George Geddes
- Advertising (1919, July 26). The Dalby Herald p.4
- Family Notices (1949, June 8). The Courier-Mail p.14
Marg Powell, Specialist Library Technician, State Library of Queensland
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