Tindale Collection - Symbols

The following are the symbols and Abbreviations (with explanations) used by Norman Tindale on his family tree sheets.

*

Assumption of Surname

wh.

White – man or woman

Male

a.

Stillborn/Miscarriage

Female

b.

Born

Person’s sex not specified

c.

Circa (Estimated at)

Divorced/Separated/Not legally married
(may be tribal marriage)

d.

Death

=

Married to

dist

District

a b

a & b are siblings

N1209

The “N” represents negative number

 

ŋ

As “ng” in singer, not finger

fb.

Full Blood

MN

Mother’s surname

F1

First generation cross
eg. fb. x wh.

FN

Father’s surname

F2

Second generation cross
eg. F1 x F1 or F1 x wh.

Tr.

Tribe

F3

Children of F2

¾, ½

Racial admixture

Yrs.

Years

14 + 2

Means 14 years 2 months

N1345/27

Children Drawing

n.n.

Native Name

t.

According to the views of

Note; Norman Tindale wrote FEMALES NAMES IN CAPITALS and males names in lowercase in his family tree sheets.

For further research read: Tindale, N. (1974). Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits and proper names, Berkeley: University of California Press. With an appendix on Tasmanian tribes by Rhys Jones. Accompanying map (on 4 sheets).

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