Barunggam body parts

Barunggam is the name of one of the languages spoken in the Dalby and eastern Darling Downs, extending along the Gowrie Creek and Condamine Catchments. It takes in the communities of Oakey, Dalby and Jandowae extending west towards Chinchilla.

Barunggam is connected to Wakka Wakka and is sometimes referred to as 'Western Wakka Wakka'. There are shared words between Barunggam and neighbouring languages Jarowair to the east; Wakka Wakka to the north and Mandandanji to the west.

Much of what we know about Barunggam has been provided by Harriet Barlow who included Barunggam wordlists in her work 'Aboriginal Vocabularies of Queensland'. Later linguistic work was undertaken by Holmer.

As Aboriginal languages were oral-based, the spelling of Barunggam and Barunggam language may differ in historical documents and other sources; for example Barunggam has also been spelt Barungam, Parrungoom, Murrumgama, Murrun-gama, Murrumningama and Kogai.

The following list identifies parts of the body and their suggested pronunciation.

Download Barunggam body parts word list [PDF 244KB]

Note: Aboriginal languages are oral languages that have only been written since European settlement; there may be several variations in spelling and pronunciation. The following list should be seen as a guide – check with local language speakers/custodians as to the preferred local pronunciation.

Aboriginal sounds

In pronouncing Aboriginal words, there are some sounds which are quite different to English and require practice.

'dh' is different to English - it is pronounced with the tongue at back of teeth.

'dj' is similar to English - it can be between ‘j’ and ‘ch’.

'ng' is one sound in Aboriginal languages and is different to the 'n' sound in English - it is closest to the 'ng' sound found in singer.

'nh' is different to English - it is pronounced with the tongue at back of teeth.

'ny' is one sound in Aboriginal languages and is different - it is closest to the 'n' sound found in onion.

'rr' is a rolled 'r' sound similar to a Scottish 'r'; at the end of a word it may sound like ‘d’.

Finger / FingersNaluNa-loo

Learn more about Barunggam language!

Condamine Alliance
Condamine Alliance undertook a language project that mapped languages along the Condamine River, including Barunggam. Visit their website to to learn more about the Aboriginal Languages Project.

Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS)
AIATSIS collections also has language and cultural materials relating to Barunggam – further details can be found in their Language Bibliography.

State Library of New South Wales (SLNSW)
The SLNSW as part of their Rediscovering Indigenous Languages Project has digitised the L R Schwennesen Papers which include Barunggam wordlists.

For items in the State Library collections relating to Barunggam, click here.

Further details

For further information on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages at State Library of Queensland, please contact:

kuril dhagun, State Library of Queensland

Stanley Place, South Brisbane Qld. 4101.

PO Box 3488, South Brisbane Qld. 4101.

Telephone: (07) 3842 9836            Fax:   (07) 3842 9893

State Library Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages Webpages:

State Library Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages Blog:

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