Stolen Generations is a term used to describe the separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families. This practice, carried out by Commonwealth and State governments and church missions, took place between approximately 1869 - 1969.
The Stolen Generations received significant public attention around Australia following the publication, in 1997, of the Bringing them home report in response to a National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children from their families.
The report stated:
"Nationally we can conclude with confidence that between one in three and one in ten Indigenous children were forcibly removed from their families and communities in the period from approximately 1910 until 1970. In certain regions and in certain periods the figure was undoubtedly much greater than one in ten. In that time not one family has escaped the effects of forcible removal (confirmed by representatives of the Queensland and WA Governments in evidence to the Inquiry). Most families have been affected, in one or more generations, by the forcible removal of one or more children."
On 13th February 2008, the then Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd made a formal apology to the Stolen Generations. You can read the speech here.
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